All of the 282 fully identified immigrants in our family tree came from western Europe. All but seven of them arrived during the colonial period (17th and 18th centuries), when nearly a million people journeyed to America on a voyage that took about ten weeks at sea but was far safer than we imagine. Like most early arrivals, ours were generally poor young men who left a crowded Europe seeking economic betterment. Some fled religious persecution, political upheaval or European war. Others were bound initially as indentured servants. Most married here, but quite a few, particularly the Dutch, brought wives and/or children with them.
In general, the eight branches of our family tree have the following ethnic origins:Acree branch - English
The 114 emigrants from the British Isles (England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales) all arrived during the colonial period. Most came in the early 17th century; only eight arrived during the 18th. The majority landed in the Chesapeake Bay area of Virginia/Maryland, but a few came to New England. Some settled in historic sites such as Plymouth, Jamestown and Kent Island, while others, destined to marry into Dutch families, chose New York City.
All but one of the 95 Dutch emigrants arrived in the 17th century, when nearly all of the Dutch immigration to America occurred. No more than 6,000 Dutch came to America during the half-century existence of "New Netherland," between 1614, when they erected their first fort, and 1664, when the British took over and re-named the colony New York. A few came by way of an aborted Dutch colony in northeast Brazil and a colony in Indonesia (then called "Batavia"). They settled in New York City itself or up the Hudson River. After the British takeover, their descendents moved to Dutch-populated counties of New Jersey.
All but one of the 44 Germans came at three distinct times, fitting the general pattern of German immigration to America. Seventeen arrived In New York during the mid-17th century under Dutch auspices and inter-married with the Dutch there (as did the early Belgians, Danes, Norwegians and Swedes). Seventeen came in the early-to-mid-18th century from the Rhenish Palatinate area, sailing from Rotterdam and settling initially in Pennsylvania, which became a German haven. Five came during the turbulent year of 1864, in the midst of our Civil War and the formation of Germany as a nation under Prussian rule, when nearly a third of the immigrants to America were Germans. At that time, the Sachse family came from the Duchy of Anhalt-Dessau (near Berlin), sailing from Hamburg, while its associated Ahrenholz family came from the Duchy of Brunswick (70 miles west), sailing from Bremen; both families proceeded directly to St. Louis.
Grandmother Nelson's father and paternal grandparents arrived also in the mid-19th century from Sweden, within a large influx of Scandinavians headed for ethnic communities in the Midwest. Her mother's German parents came at that time to Louisiana and later travelled up the Mississippi River to a German enclave in Iowa.
The 15 French emigrants were mostly Huguenots (French Protestant religious refugees) who arrived in the late 17th century fleeing persecution. As France did not encourage settlers in their sparsely populated territory in the New World, most of our French made their way to New Netherland and assimilated with the Dutch.
Here is an alphabetical list of our immigrant ancestors by ethnicity. It excludes spouses whose surnames are unknown and those with uncertain origins.
Branch Arrived Settled in BELGIAN Jannetje Crocheron Williamson b1670 NYC Jean Crocheron Williamson b1670 NYC Jacomyntje VanPelt Williamson 1663 NYC Teunis VanPelt Williamson 1663 NYC DANISH Claes C. Bording TenEyck c1646 NYC Hendrick Obee TenEyck c1645 NYC Hendrick Wiltsie Williamson c1658 Ulster Co. NY; NYC DUTCH Maria Baddie TenEyck c1635 NYC Casper Berger TenEyck c1750 Hunterdon Co. NJ Ariaentje Bleyck Williamson c1651 NYC Maria Boele TenEyck c1650 NYC Teunis Bogaert TenEyck 1652 NYC Eychgan Bosch Ogden c1642 Albany Co. NY Aeltje Brackhonge TenEyck c1635 NYC Aeltje Cool Williamson c1635 NYC Cornelis Cool Williamson c1635 NYC William Cornel Williamson 1640 NYC Gelyam Cornelise Williamson 1640 NYC Simon Aerson DeHart Williamson 1664 NYC Anthony DeHooges Ogden 1641 Albany Co. NY Wyntje A. DeJonge TenEyck 1660 Ulster Co. NY Abraham DeLaNoy Williamson 1652 NYC Tryntje DeManderville TenEyck c1660 NYC Seytje Dircks Williamson 1652 NYC Rensje Fedders Williamson 1663 NYC Annetje Fredrex Williamson c1654 NYC; Middlesex Co. NJ Willem Gerritsen Williamson 1659 NYC Pieter Groendyke Williamson 1670 NYC; Kent Co. DE Mayke Gysberts Williamson 1663 NYC Tryntje Achias Haegen Williamson 1652 NYC Annetje Hendricks TenEyck 1658 Ulster Co. NY Grietje Hendricks TenEyck c1660 Ulster Co. NY Grietje Hendricks TenEyck c1660 NYC Styntje Hendrickse Williamson c1639 NYC Tryntje Hendrickse Williamson c1639 NYC Cornelis Hoochlandt TenEyck c1638 NYC Warnaar Hornbeck Ogden 1658 Ulster Co. NY Belitje Jacobs TenEyck c1640 Albany Co. NY Grietje Jans Williamson 1663 NYC Grietje Jans Williamson 1651 NYC Swantje Jans Williamson c1651 NYC Focke Jansen TenEyck c1660 NYC Frederick Jansen Williamson 1651 NYC Annetje Jelles Ogden c1660 Ulster Co. NY Herck Siboutszen Kronkheyt TenEyck c1643 NYC Maria Lubberts Williamson 1652 NYC Frederick Lubbertsen Williamson c1639 NYC Rebecca F. Lubbertsen Williamson c1639 NYC Kniertje Meet TenEyck c1663 NYC Pieter J. Meet TenEyck c1663 NYC; Bergen Co. NJ Minne J. Mineola Williamson 1663 NYC Johannes Nevius Williamson c1650 NYC Teunis Nyssen TenEyck 1638 NYC Magdalena Pieterse Williamson 1651 NYC Theunis T. Quick TenEyck c1640 Albany Co. NY Tryntje Reynders Williamson c1653 NYC Aldert H. Roosa TenEyck 1660 Ulster Co. NY Jannetje A. Roosa TenEyck 1660 Ulster Co. NY Annetje Ruys TenEyck c1639 NYC Hendrick Rycken Williamson 1663 NYC Roelof Martinse Schenck Williamson 1650 NYC Willemptje Seubering Williamson 1660 NYC Marritje Simons TenEyck c1645 NYC Claes Smit Williamson c1657 NYC Jan Snedeker TenEyck c1639 NYC Elbert Elbertse Stoothoff Williamson c1638 NYC Coenraet TenEyck TenEyck c1650 NYC Jan Teunisen Ogden 1641 Albany Co. NY Anne VanDyke TenEyck c1640 NYC Annetje VanDyke Williamson 1652 NYC Jan Thomasen VanDyke Williamson 1652 NYC Thomas Janse VanDyke Williamson 1652 NYC Arent T. VanHengel Williamson c1653 NYC Reynier Arentsen VanHengel Williamson c1653 NYC Jannecken G. VanLoon Williamson 1652 NYC Cornelis VanNess Williamson 1641 Albany Co. NY Grietje VanNess Williamson 1641 NYC Hendrick VanNess Williamson 1641 Albany Co. NY Pieter VanNest Williamson 1647 NYC Cornelia VanNoortwyck Williamson 1640 NYC Aucke Janse VanNuyse Williamson 1651 NYC Jannetje Aucke VanNuyse Williamson 1651 NYC Martin Schenck VanNydeck Williamson 1650 NYC Jan VanOosterhout Ogden c1650 Ulster Co. NY Lucas VanVoorhees Williamson 1660 NYC Steven VanVoorhees Williamson 1660 NYC Mayken VandenBurchgraeff Williamson 1641 Albany Co. NY Paulus VanderBeek, Sr. TenEyck c1640 NYC Jacob L. VanderGrift Williamson 1644 NYC Jacob VanderHeyden Ogden c1653 Albany Co. NY Matthys VanderHeyden Ogden c1653 NYC Cornelius J. VanderVeer TenEyck 1659 NYC Catharina VanderWerven Williamson 1656 NYC Claes Veghte Williamson 1660 NYC Gerret Clausen Veghte Williamson 1660 NYC Jan Jansen Verkerk Williamson 1663 NYC Roeloff Janse Verkerk Williamson 1663 NYC Cors Pietersen Vroom Williamson 1638 NYC Anneken Wessels Williamson 1641 Albany Co. NY Anthony Jansen Westbrook Ogden 1641 Albany Co. NY Willem Willemsen Sr. Williamson 1659 NYC Peter Claesen Wyckoff Williamson 1637 NYC ENGLISH Isaac Allerton, Sr. Acree 1620 Plymouth, MA; NY; CT Elizabeth M. Allseabrook Williamson 1640 MA; NY William Armistead Acree c1635 Gloucester Co. VA Thomas Armitage Williamson c1635 NYC Henry Barnes Acree c1665 Charles Co. MD Samuel Berry Ogden c1685 Charles Co. MD John Berryman Acree c1654 Westmoreland Co. VA Fear Brewster Acree 1623 Plymouth, MA William Brewster Acree 1620 Plymouth, MA Ann Browne Acree c1640 Norfolk Co. VA Thomas Browne Acree c1640 Norfolk Co. VA John Budd Ogden 1637 MA; CT; Westchester Co. NY Judith Budd Ogden 1637 MA; CT; Westchester Co. NY Katherine Butcher Ogden 1637 MA; CT; Westchester Co. NY Ursula Bysshe Acree c1634 Kent I. MD; Northumb. VA Thomas Carter, Sr. Acree 1650 Nansemond & Lanc. Co., VA Humphrey Clark Acree c1640 Isle of Wight Co. VA Agnes Coffin Williamson 1635 MA; NH; ME Dorothy Conkling Williamson 1640 MA; CT John Conkling Williamson 1640 MA; NY Richard Cording Acree c1655 Norfolk Co. VA Samuel Curtis, Sr. Hoover c1740 NC Edward Dale Acree 1650 Lancaster Co. VA Margaret Davyes Acree c1635 Surry Co. VA Nathaniel Denton, Sr. Williamson 1635 MA; CT Richard Denton, III Williamson 1635 MA; CT Anne Ellis Acree c1635 Gloucester Co. VA Hester Evans Ogden c1645 Charles Co. MD William Evans Ogden c1645 Charles Co. MD Margery Everard Williamson 1634 MA; CT Elizabeth Fielding Acree c1690 Orange Co. VA Robert Flake, Sr. Acree c1640 Isle of Wight Co. VA Richard Foster Acree 1635 Gloucester Co. VA John Freeman, Sr. Acree c1670 Norfolk Co. VA Thomas Garnett, Sr. Acree c1660 Gloucester Co. VA John Gilliland Williamson 1685 NJ Ann Gorsuch Acree c1660 Glou. Co. VA; Baltimore MD Anne Michal Grant Williamson c1638 RI; NYC Jane Gullock Acree c1650 Westmoreland Co. VA Burr Harrison Acree c1654 Stafford Co. VA Cuthbert Harrison Acree c1654 Stafford Co. VA Peter Hayes I Acree c1635 Surry Co. VA Peter Hayes II Acree c1640 Surry Co. VA Robert Hewitt Acree c1635 Northumberland Co. VA Richard Higgins Williamson 1623 MA; Piscataway NJ Ann Hoskins Acree c1630 Gloucester Co. VA Bartholomew Hoskins Acree c1630 Norfolk Co. VA Jane Hulet TenEyck c1645 NYC Joseph Hull Williamson 1635 MA; NH; ME Isaac Jackson Acree c1650 Westmoreland Co. VA Walter James, Sr. Acree c1660 Gloucester Co. VA William Jones Ogden c1663 Accomack Co. VA Lazerus Kenney Ogden c1685 Somerset Co. MD William Kenney, Jr. Ogden c1685 Somerset Co. MD John Lake, Sr. Williamson c1645 NYC Elizabeth Hewitt Lee Acree c1635 Northumberland Co. VA Ann Lovelace Acree c1650 Lancaster Co. VA John Marshall Acree c1650 Jamestown; Westmor. Co. VA Susan Mitchell Williamson c1635 NYC Adam Mott TenEyck c1640 NYC Elizabeth Muscoe Acree c1660 Gloucester Co. VA Jane Newman Acree c1645 Jamestown; Northum. Co. VA John Newton, Jr. Acree c1675 Westmoreland Co. VA John Newton, Sr. Acree c1672 MD; Westmoreland Co. VA David Norrie Acree c1634 Kent I. MD; Westmor. Co VA John Ogden Ogden 1635 CT William Oppie, Sr. Williamson c1720 Somerset Co. NJ Ellen Partington Acree 1656 Westmoreland Co. VA Henry Peyton, Jr. Acree 1656 Westmoreland Co. VA William Presly, Sr. Acree c1645 Jamestown; Northum. Co. VA John Prettyman, Sr. Ogden b1638 St. Mary's MD; Accomack VA Elizabeth Randolph Acree c1638 New Kent Co. VA Anne Richardson Ogden 1635 CT Matthew Rodham Acree 1634 Kent I. MD; Northum. VA Robert Rose, II Williamson 1634 MA; CT Robert Rose, III Williamson 1634 MA; CT John Seales TenEyck c1630 Charlestown, MA; NYC Phebe Seales TenEyck c1630 Charlestown, MA; NYC John Skipper Skipworth c1650 Virginia Diana Skipwith Acree 1650 Lancaster Co. VA Charles Sledge Acree 1681 Surry Co. VA Richard Sledge, Jr. Acree 1681 Surry Co. VA Anne Smallwood Ogden c1670 St. Marys Co. MD James Smallwood Ogden c1660 Charles Co. MD Matthew Smallwood Ogden c1650 Charles Co. MD; VA William Smith Williamson c1635 NYC Patrick Spence Acree 1657 Westmoreland Co. VA Anne Spicer Williamson c1638 RI; NYC Thomas Spicer Williamson c1638 RI; NYC Thomas Edward Stevenson Williamson c1635 NYC Nicholas Stillwell II TenEyck 1638 York Co. VA; NYC Richard Thompson, Jr. Acree c1631 Kent I. MD; Northum. VA Thomas Tinsley I Acree 1638 Jamestown; New Kent Co. VA Thomas Todd, Sr. Acree c1660 Glou. Co. VA; Baltimore MD Andrew Waters Williamson b1643 MA; NY John Waugh Acree 1667 Stafford Co., VA Daniel Whitehead, Sr. Williamson c1644 NYC Thomas Willoughby, Sr. Acree c1627 Eliz. City; Norfolk Co. VA Helen Windbank Williamson 1635 MA; CT Katherine Wyatt Acree c1640 Isle of Wight Co. VA John Wynne Ogden c1670 St. Marys Co., MD Richard Yorke Williamson c1635 Dover NH FRENCH Maria Blanchan TenEyck 1660 Ulster Co. NY David Bronaugh Acree c1671 King George Co., VA Bourgon Broucard Williamson 1675 NYC; Somerset Co. NJ Marie Broucard Williamson 1675 NYC Antoine Crispell TenEyck 1660 Ulster Co. NY Jean Dailly TenEyck c1644 NYC Jehan Dally TenEyck c1644 NYC Michael DeMott TenEyck c1675 Ulst. Co. NY; Morr. Co. NJ Samuel Demourval Acree c1690 Richmond & Fairfax Co. VA Wallerand Dumont TenEyck 1658 Ulster Co. NY Catherina LeFevre Williamson 1675 NYC; Somerset Co. NJ Marguerite Madou TenEyck c1644 NYC Peter Pumyea Williamson c1730 Somerset Co. NJ Joris Rapalje Ten/Will 1624 Albany Co. NY Catalyntje Trico Ten/Will 1624 Albany Co. NY GERMAN H. Friedrich Ahrenholz Sachse 1864 St. Louis MO Joerg Adam Albrecht Hoover 1751 PA Gysje Barents Ogden 1637 Albany NY J.S. Friedericke Barthel Sachse 1864 St. Louis MO Maria Christler Ogden 1710 NYC; Berks Co. PA Martin Cregier TenEyck c1643 MYC Elizabeth Dieffenbach Ogden 1710 NYC; Berks Co. PA Johann C. Dieffenbach Jr. Ogden 1710 NYC; Berks Co. PA Orseltje Dircks Ogden/Ten 1658 NYC; Ulster Co. NY Eva Maria Faist Nelson 1847 LA; MO; IA Eva Barbara Friedel Hoover 1751 PA Johan Conrad Friedel Hoover 1751 PA Hendrick Gulick Williamson 1653 NYC Joachim Gulick Williamson 1653 NYC Laurens J. Haff TenEyck c1657 NYC George Harmon Hoover 1726 Philadelphia; Fred. Co. MD Michael Ernst Harness Sr. Ogden 1710 NYC; Berks Co. PA Caroline Helwig Sachse 1864 St. Louis MO Ludwig Ernst Hoerner Ogden 1710 NYC Andrew Hoover, Sr. Hoover 1738 PA; MD; Randolph Co. NC Lysbeth Jans TenEyck c1643 MYC Joachem Keteluyn Ogden c1642 Albany Co. NY Anna Magdalena Kuntz Hoover c1726 Lancaster Co. PA Philip Leibengut Hoover c1740 PA Margaret Meyers Williamson c1657 NYC Jacob Pfautz Hoover c1726 Lancaster Co. PA Anna Margaret Pfautz Hoover c1726 PA; MD; Randolph Co. NC Elsje Pieterse Williamson b1638 NYC Johannes Polhemius Williamson 1654 NYC Margarita Polhemius Williamson 1656 NYC Jacob Prescher Hoover c1749 PA Joseph Redinger, Sr. Nelson 1849 LA; MO; IA Peter Rucker Acree c1690 Orange Co. VA Daniel Richou TenEyck c1661 NYC F. Wilhelm Sachse Sachse 1864 St. Louis MO Frederick W. Sachse Sachse 1864 St. Louis MO John Henry Shoaf Hoover 1752 PA; NC Jacob Sink Hoover 1754 PA; NC Johan Christoph Sprecher Hoover c1740 PA; NC Jan Pietersen Staats Williamson 1637 NYC Teuntje Straitsman Ten/Will c1657 NYC Hans J. VanNostrand Williamson 1639 NYC Annetje VonRottmer Ogden 1637 Albany Co. NY Geertruyd Willekens Williamson 1653 NYC IRISH William Goulder Williamson 1635 VA; NYC Christopher Neale, Sr. Acree 1654 Northumberland Co. VA Daniel Neale Acree 1654 Westmoreland Co. VA William O'Daniel Acree c1717 Stafford Co. VA John Patton, Sr. Ogden c1745 Augusta Co. VA Lydia Patton Ogden c1745 Hardy Co. VA Mary Rogers Ogden c1745 Augusta Co. VA NORWEGIAN Affien Bradt Ogden 1637 Albany Co. NY Albert Bradt Ogden 1637 Albany Co. NY SCOTTISH Peter Buckelew, Sr. Williamson c1665 NYC; Middlesex Co. NJ Jeremiah McKnew, Sr. Ogden 1668 Prince Georges Co. MD John Graham Ogden c1780 Sussex Co. DE Margaret Bullock Ogden c1780 Sussex Co. DE SWEDISH Swan Peter Nelson Nelson 1866 NYC; Davenport IA Per Nilsson Nelson 1884 NYC; Dawson Co., NE Elna Svensdotter Nelson 1884 NYC; Dawson Co., NE Claes VanSchouwen Williamson 1637 NYC SWISS John Mast, Sr. Hoover 1750 PA; Randolph Co. NC WELSH Lewis Markham Acree c1660 Westmoreland Co. VA
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