Generally speaking, ancestors who lived during the past two centuries (19th and 20th) are 'known'. Their place in our tree is documented by primary source materials (or transcriptions) that have included immediate-family records, family bibles, birth/marriage/death records, cemetery inscriptions, immigration records, census records, military records, church records, wills, organizational records, and federal/state/local government records. See the chart below.
Ancestors who lived earlier must, in most cases, be considered 'reputed'. Their biographic data has been derived mainly from the work of others - recorded in secondary sources that have included books, periodicals, manuscripts, microfilm, LDS records, commercial CD's, websites, and much-appreciated correspondence through the years. See the bibliographic and correspondence listings below.
Conflicting accounts have been resolved through careful consideration and selective acceptance. Each ancestor has been regarded individually and assigned at least an estimated year of birth. No ancestor has been simplistically 'downloaded' from a secondary source. Researchers must make their own judgments on the basis of materials they find convincing.
Descent from ancestors in the first four generations of our tree, who lived during the 19th and 20th centuries, are listed below in ascending generational order, with primary sources indicated (abbreviation key follows):
Family Birth Mar. Death Grave Other Census/Directory Ref Below ACREE BRANCH James W. Acree Note/Pho - Cert Obit Pho Dra/DNA 00 20 30 40 James H. Acree Note/Pho - - - Rec Mil/DNA 50 60 70 80 95 00 10 Nancy P. Waugh Note - - - - DNA 50 60 70 80 Joab C. Acree Note - - - Pho DNA 30 40 50 60 70 80 * Sophia C. Marshall Note - - - Pho - 50 60 70 80 Charles N. Waugh Note - Rec - - - 40 50 60 70 80 Mary Ann Tinsley Note - Rec - - DNA 50 60 70 John Acree, Jr. Note - - - - Will/DNA 90 00 10 20 * Penelope Hayes - - - - - Deed 90 00 10 Carter Marshall Note - Rec - - - 10 20 * Nancy Ann Campbell Note - Rec - - - 20 30 40 50 * John Waugh - - Rec - - Tax - * Mary B. Peyton - Rec Rec - - - 30 40 * William Tinsley Bib - Cert - - Will/DNA 20 30 * Nancy Talbott Note - Cert - - - 20 * Family Birth Mar. Death Grave Other Census/Directory Ref Below SACHSE BRANCH Minnie Sachse Note/Pho Bap Cert - Pho DNA 00 10 20 30 40 'F. W.' Sachse Note/Pho - - - Rec Imm 80 90 00 10 20 30 Sophia Ahrenholz Note/Pho - - - Rec - 70 80 00 10 20 30 F. Wilhelm Sachse Note - - Rec - Imm - * Frederika Barthel Note - - Rec - Imm 80 90 * Fred. Ahrenholz Note/Pho Rec Rec Rec - Imm 70 80 90 * Caroline Helwig Note/Pho Rec Rec Cert - Imm 70 80 00 10 * Wilhelm Sachse - Rec Rec - - - - * Maria Andreae - - Rec - - - - * Gottlieb Barthel - Rec Rec - - - - * Henriette C. Zwarg - Rec Rec - - - - * Christ. Ahrenholz - - - - - Imm - * Johanne Hartung - - - - - Imm - * Johann Helwig - - - - - Imm - * Dorothee Rakel - - - - - Imm - * Family Birth Mar. Death Grave Other Census/Directory Ref Below HOOVER BRANCH Charles G. Hoover Bib/Pho Rec Cert Cert Rec DNA/WW 00 10 20 30 40 Alexander Hoover Bib/Pho - Cert Obit Pho DNA/Por 50 60 70 80 00 10 * Emma Cook Bib/Pho - Cert Rec Pho DNA 50 60 70 80 00 10 20 30 * Daniel C. Hoover Bib - Rec - Pho DNA 40 50 60 70 80 * Frances Shoaf Bib - Rec - Pho DNA 50 60 70 80 * George Cook Bib - - - Pho DNA/Por 50 60 70 80 Rachel Albright Bib/Pho - - Obit Pho DNA/Por 50 60 70 80 David E. Hoover Note - Rec - - DNA/Quak 90 20 30 * Elizabeth Curtis Note - Rec - - Quak 50 * George Henry Shoaf - - - - - Court 30 40 Christina Livengood- - - - - - 30 40 Jacob Cook, Sr. - Rec Rec - Rec - 60 Catherine Harden - Rec Rec - Rec - 60 Christian Albrecht Note Rec - - Rec - 00 10 20 Margaret Prescher Bib/Pho Rec - - Rec - 00 10 20 30 40 Family Birth Mar. Death Grave Other Census/Directory Ref Below OGDEN BRANCH Myrtle J. Ogden Bib/Pho - Cert Cert Rec DNA 00 10 20 30 40 James H. Ogden Bib - - - Rec DNA 60 70 80 00 10 20 Alice Ann Wynn Bib/Pho - - - Pho DNA 60 70 80 Albert A. Ogden Note - - Obit - DNA/Por/Wil 50 60 70 80 95 00 Doracy B. Graham Note/Pho - - - Rec DNA 50 60 70 80 Andrew J. Wynn Note - Rec Obit Rec DNA 50 60 70 80 00 10 Rebecca Ann Chew Note - Rec Cert Rec Obit 60 70 80 00 10 Abner Ogden - - Rec - - DNA/Court - * Margaret Alkire - - Rec - Rec DNA - * Henry Graham Pho - Rec - Rec DNA 30 40 50 Anna B. Jones Pho - Rec - Pho - 30 40 50 70 80 William Wynn, Jr. - - Rec - Rec DNA/Auto 20 30 40 50 60 70 Hannah Carr - - Rec - Rec - 30 40 50 60 70 80 Family Birth Mar. Death Grave Other Census/Directory Ref Below SKIPWORTH BRANCH Vonce D. Skipworth Note/Pho - Rec Cert - DNA/Mas/Dra 80 00 10 20 30 Samuel Skipworth Note/Pho - Rec Cert Pho DNA/Mil 50 60 70 80 00 10 20 * Margaret T. Wolfe Note/Pho - Rec Cert Pho DNA 50 60 70 80 00 20 Eli Skipworth Let - - - - DNA/Mil 50 60 70 80 * Martha Ann Staples - - - - - DNA/Pen 50 60 70 80 * William H. Wolfe - - Rec - Pho - 50 60 70 80 Nancy Jane Taylor - - Rec - Pho - 50 60 70 80 John Skipper - - - - - - 10 20 30 * Lucretia Hawkins - - - - - - 10 20 30 40 50 John B. Staples Bib - - - Rec Will 30 40 50 60 * Nancy Ann Turner Bib - - - Rec - 30 40 50 60 70 80 Samuel Wolfe, Sr. - - - - Pho - 20 30 40 50 60 * Elizabeth Buford - - - - Pho - 20 30 40 50 * Nathan Taylor - - Rec - - - 10 20 30 Susan Potter - - Rec - - - 30 40 50 Family Birth Mar. Death Grave Other Census/Directory Ref Below NELSON BRANCH Stella Nelson Note/Pho - Rec Cert - DNA 80 00 10 20 30 Swan Peter Nelson Note/Pho - Rec Cert Pho DNA/Imm 70 80 90 00 10 Nancy Redinger Note/Pho - Rec Cert Pho - 60 70 80 90 00 10 Per Nilsson - Rec Rec - Rec DNA/Imm - Elna Svensdotter - Rec Rec - Rec Imm - Joseph Redinger - Rec - - - Imm 50 60 70 * Eva Maria Faist - Rec - - - Imm 50 60 * Nils (lnu) - - - - - Court - Bengta Palsdotter - Rec - Rec - - - Sven Torkelsson - Rec Rec - - - - Karna Tufvesdotter - Rec Rec - - - - Xaver Riedinger - - Rec - - - - Katharina Fischer - - Rec - - - - Johann G. Faist - Rec Rec - - - - * Eva C. Bruster - - Rec - - - - * Family Birth Mar. Death Grave Other Census/Directory Ref Below TENEYCK BRANCH Dr. J. D. TenEyck Bib/Pho - Cert Obit Pho DNA/Por 70 80 00 10 20 30 40 * Jeremiah TenEyck Bib/Pho - Cert Obit Pho DNA/Deed 50 60 70 80 00 10 * Eliz. VanderVeer Bib/Pho - Cert Rec Pho Deed 50 60 70 80 * John D. TenEyck Bib/Pho Bap Cert Rec Pho DNA/Heir 30 40 50 60 70 80 * Joanna Stillwell Bib/Pho - Cert - Pho - 50 60 70 80 * John H. VanderVeer Note/Pho - - - Pho Inv 30 40 50 Maria Dalley Note/Pho Bap - Rec Rec Deed 50 60 70 80 John A. TenEyck Bib - - - Pho - 30 40 50 60 Leah DeMott Bib Bap - - Rec DNA 30 Jeremiah Stillwell - - - - Rec Deed 30 40 50 * Margaret Dumont - - - - Rec - - John Dalley Bib - Rec - Pho - - Jane Davis Bib - Rec - Pho - 30 Family Birth Mar. Death Grave Other Census/Directory Ref Below WILLIAMSON BRANCH Emma A. Williamson Bib/Pho - Cert Cert Pho DNA/SS 80 00 10 20 30 40 Nelson Williamson Bib/Pho - Wed - Pho DNA/Deed 50 60 70 80 00 10 20 Anna M. Voorhees Bib/Pho - Wed - Pho Heir 50 60 70 80 00 10 20 30 Isaac Williamson Bib Bap - - Pho DNA/Inv 50 60 70 80 Mary Ann Buckelew Note - - - Pho Deed 50 60 70 80 Abram D. Voorhees Bib/Pho Bap Rec Rec Pho Will 50 60 70 80 * Catherine Veghte Bib - Rec - Pho Heir 50 60 70 80 George Williamson Note - Rec - Pho DNA/Will - * Idah Pumyea Note - Rec - Rec DNA - * Obediah Buckelew - - Rec - Rec Deed - * Abigail Denton - - Rec - Rec - - * Ralph Voorhees Bib - - - - - 50 60 * Mary Voorhees Bib Rec - - - - - * Isaac Veghte Bib Bap Rec Rec Rec Inv - * Elenor Ann Wilson Bib - Rec Rec Rec - 50 60 * KEY: * = Mentioned in biblographic reference below (click it) Auto = Autobiography Bib = Included in Family Bible Bap = Baptismal record Cert = Certificate (of birth, marriage or death) Court = Court record DNA = Ancestral relationship supported by genetic evidence Deed = Deed, indenture or other property agreement Dra = Draft registration (World War I) Heir = Heirloom Imm = Immigration record Inv = Inventory after death Let = Letter from individual Mas = Masonic record Mil = Military service record Note = Immediate family notes and recollections Obit = Published obituary Pen = Pension record Pho = Photograph (of person/gravestone) Por = Published biographic portrait Quak = Quaker record Rec = Record (of birth, marriage, death or burial) SS = Social Security record Tax = Included in tax list Wed = Wedding invitation Will = Recorded will WW = Included in 'Who's Who' publication 00 = Year (1800s-1900s) of federal/state census or local directory
Bibliographic sources are far too numerous to list completely. The following publications have been particularly helpful. Over two-thirds of the family-group pages are linked to them. While the data attributed to each ancestor is usually supported by multiple sources, a family-group page is linked only to the one considered most informative, which will appear at the top of the screen.
Acree, Lester and Caroline. An Acree Genealogy 1780-1970. Privately published. Updated in 1984 by Lytton Glynn III and Virginia S. Acree.
Boddie, John B. Historical Southern Families. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, Maryland, 1967-1980 (Volume 2).
Boddie, John B. Historical Southern Families. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, Maryland, 1967-1980 (Volume 20).
Hardy, Stella P. Colonial Families of the Southern States of America, "Marshall Family".
Miller, Joseph Lyon. The Descendents of Captain Thomas Carter. C.J. Carrier Co., Bridgewater, Virginia, 1967 (written in 1912).
Paxton, W. M. The Marshall Family. Robert Clarke & Co., Cincinnati, Ohio,1885.
Rollins, Sarah Finch Maiden. The Maiden Family of Virginia and Allied Families 1623-1991. Henington Publishing Co., Wolfe City, Texas, 1991.
Genealogies of Virginia Families. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, Maryland, 1981 (Volumes 1-5).
Algood, Alice Wright. Ursula Bishe/Bysshe Thompson Mottrom Colclough. Alice W. and Reuben Clark Algood, Columbia, Tennessee, 2002.
Battle, J. H. History of Todd County, Kentucky F. A. Battey Publishing Co., 1884.
Foster, Dr. Billy Glen. The Foster Family of Flanders, England and America. Insite Publishing Company, Bryan, Texas, 1990.
King, George Harrison Sanford. The Register of Overwharton Parish, Stafford County, Virginia, 1723-1758, and Sundry Historical and Genealogical Notes. Privately published, Fredericksburg, Virginia,1961.
Tinsley, Jim Bob. From Totopotomoy to Transylvania: A Descendency Line of the Tinsley Family in America Since 1638. Des Abbot & Gordon Mobbs, Florida, 1976.
Tinsley, William Eldon. Tinsley Et Al: The Ancestry of My Four Honored Grandparents. Privately published, 1986, with a supplement written in 1992.
Waugh, Alta Allison. The Waugh Family, 1630-1989, Virginia. Privately published,1990.
Wood, Sudie Rucker Wood. The Rucker Family Genealogy. Old Dominion Press, Inc., 1932.
Boddie, John B. Historical Southern Families. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, Maryland, 1967-1980 (Volume 15).
Mosher, Merrill Hill. John Freeman of Norfolk County, Virginia: His Descendents in North Carolina and Virginia. Heritage Books, Inc., Bowie, Maryland, 1994.
Davis, Virginia Lee Hutcheson. Tidewater Virginia Families. Privately published, Urbanna, Virginia, 1989.
Allerton, Walter S. A History of the Allerton Family. New York, 1888. Revised and enlarged by Horace Currier, and published by Samuel Waters Allerton, Chicago, 1900.
Benson, Amelia Bronaugh. A History of the Bronaugh Family in America. Privately published. Columbia, Missouri, 1980.
Cochran, Charles F. "Early Genealogies of the Newton Family of Westmoreland County, Virginia," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. Volumes 36-7, 1928-9.
Hopper, Wallace. "Cut and Catey (Bronaugh) Peyton of Virginia and Kentucky." Kentucky Ancestors, Volume 15, Number 4, April 1980, pages 226-231.
Meyer, Virginia M. and Dorman, John F. Adventures of Purse and Person, Virginia 1607-25, "Willoughby". Third Edition,1987.
Menzel, Peter. Submission in 1978 to International Genealogical Index. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.
Gruhne, Fritz. Emigration Lists for the Former Duchy of Braunschweig, Germany. Selbstverlag des Braunschweigischen Geschichtsvereins, 1971.
Evangelical-Lutheran Regional Church in Braunschweig, Germany.
Davenport, John Scott. "Earliest Pfautz/Fouts Families in America." National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Volume 63/4, Dec. 1975, pages 243-263. (Davenport amended this account in Pfautz newsletters during the 1980s.)
Davis, Eileen Quaker Records of the Miami Valley of Ohio. Cook-McDowell Publications, Owensboro, KY, 1981.
Field, Alfred E. Field, Wagoner & Curtis Genealogy. Unpublished manuscript, 2007.
Harmon, Terry. The Genealogy of Cutliff Harmon and His Descendents. Minors Publishing Company, Boone, NC.
McLean, Hulda Hoover. Genealogy of the Herbert Hoover Family. 1967, with Addenda & Errata written in 1976.
Smith, Alfred Jr. Samuel Curtis Family Journal. Unpublished manuscript, 2005.
Smith, Robert D. Genealogical Record of Miami County, Indiana 1763-1887. American Publishers, Peru, Indiana, 1980 (Volumes 1-2).
Tombaugh, Wendell C. and John B. Fulton County Indiana Handbook. Tombaugh House, Rochester, Indiana, 2001.
Williams, David M. Colonel Dave and the Schroff Connection. Keap Publishing Co., San Diego, California, 1993.
Yoder, Don. Rhineland Emigrants: Lists of German Settlers in Colonial America. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1981.
Duis, E. The Good Old Times in McLean County, Illinois. Leader Publishing, Bloomington, Illinois, 1874.
Schermerhorn, Richard Jr. "The VanderHeyden Family." New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Volume 45, pages 308-19.
Wheeler, William Ogden. The Ogden Family in America. J.B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia, 1907.
Willingham, Chester M. and Frances S. Ogden Brothers and Their Descendents. 1979.
Dills, R.S. History of Fayette County, Ohio. Odell & Mayer, Dayton, Ohio, 1881.
Wright, F. Edward. "The Prettyman Family." Colonial Families of Delaware, Vol. 3, 2nd Edition. Colonial Roots, Lewes, Delaware, 2003.
Keith, Arthur L. "Smallwood Family of Charles County, Maryland." Maryland Genealogies, Volume II. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, Maryland, 1980.
Hornbeck, Shirley. Hornbeck Hunting II: Ancestors and Descendents of Warnaar Hornbeck. 2001.
Anderson, Bobby. Skipworth: A Genealogy Backward and Forward of the W.P Skipworth Family With Related Carver Lines. Privately published, 1990.
Martin, R.T. "Pioneers." Muhlenberg County Heritage Quarterly, Volume 6, Number 2, April-June 1984, page 15.
Rothert, Otto A. History of Muhlenberg County. Commercial Printing, Inc., Greenville, Kentucky, 1984 (written in 1913).
Walker, Howard G. The Descendents of George Washington Wolfe and Mary Margaret Conrad. Privately published manuscript, Montgomery, Alabama,1992.
Schenk, Trudy. Wuerttemberg, Germany, Emigration Index. Salt Lake City, Utah, 1986.
Carpenter, Daniel Hoagland. History and Genealogy of the Hoagland Family in America. John Polhemius Printing Co., New York.
Epperson, Gwenn F. "The Ten Eyck-Boel European Connection." The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Volume 118, Number 1, January 1987.
Epperson, Gwenn F. New Netherland Roots. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1994.
George, Henry Waterman. "The Ten Eyck Family in New York." The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, April 1932.
Liddle, Mrs. J. Thomas (Kristin Judith VanDerveer). The Story of the VanDerveer Family (unpublished 1997 manuscript).
Riker, David M. Genealogical and Biographical Directory to Persons in New Netherland from 1613 to 1674. The Holland Society of New York, 2000.
Shorto, Russell. The Island at the Center of the World: The Epic Story of Dutch Manhattan and the Forgotten Colony That Shaped America. Doubleday, New York, 2004.
Sisser, Fred III. "Michiel DeModt (c.1640-c.1689) and His Family." Genealogical Magazine of New Jersey, Volume 76 Number 3, September 2001.
Snedeker, Harold Ray (revised & updated by Walter C. Snedeker). The Book of Snedekers Venture Press, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida.
Stillwell, John E. History of Captain Jeremiah Stillwell. New York, 1931.
Stillwell, S.B. Stillwell Family in England and America. 1899.
Stillwell, William H. Stillwell Family. 1883.
Wiley, Simon T. Biographic and Portrait Cyclopedia of Third Congressional District of New Jersey. 1896.
Garretson, Aline L. "The Gerritsen-Willemsen Family Record and the Williamson Family of Gravesend." The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Volume 133, Number 3, July 2002.
Garretson, Aline L. "The Williamson Family of Gravesend." The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Volume 135, Number 3, July 2004.
Garretson, Aline L. "The Williamson Family of Gravesend." The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Volume 135, Number 4, October 2004.
Green,Gerry. Mary's People -The Buckelews.
Honeyman, A. V. D. Joannis Nevius and Descendents. 1900.
Howe, Nadine Gilliland. A Family History, Gilliland-Danhauer of Lyndon, Osage Co, Kansas. New Haven, Indiana, 1978.
Kearney, Joseph N. Ye Colonial Kinsmen from Plymouth Rocke to York Towne. Roadmaps-Thru-History Association, Los Angeles, California, 1978.
Koenig, Dorothy. "European Origins of Adriaen Lamberts Smith and the Brothers Lanen Van Pelt." New Netherland Connections, Volume 4/1, Jan. - Mar. 1999.
Krumm, Walter C. "Descendents of the Rev. Richard Denton." The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Volumes 120-121, 1989-1990.
Parsons, Gerald James. "Additional Data on the Lanen Van Pelts." New Netherland Connections, Volume 5/1, Jan. - Mar. 2000.
Wyckoff Family in America. Wyckoff Association in America, Tuttle Publishing Co., Rutland, Vermont, 1950.
Adams, A and Risley, S. A Genealogy of the Lake Family. 1915.
Amicucci, Susan K. "Claes Claeszen, Father of Neeltje Claes." New Netherland Connections, Volume 4/2, Apr. - Jun. 1999.
Bergen, Teunis G. Register of the Early Settlers of Kings Co., Long Island, New York. S. W. Green's Son, New York, 1881.
Cook, Richard Wilson. "The Goulder Family." The Genealogical Magazine of New Jersey, Volume 29, Numbers 3/4, July/October 1954.
Cook, Richard Wilson. "A Wilson Family of Millstone, New Jersey." New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Volume 108, Number 2, 1977.
Cortelyou, Helen and Carol. Ancestors of Two Sisters. 1954.
Cutter, William R. "Hull." New England Families. Clearfield Co., Baltimore, Maryland, 1913 & 1994.
Freas, Margery Huston. "Who Was Peter Staats of Gowanus?" New Netherland Connections, Volume 5/4, Oct. - Dec. 2000.
Gouverneur, Ir. Frans C. M. "Dutch Origins of Some Early Settlers and Allied Families, part 2." New Netherland Connections, Volume 8/3, Jul. - Sep. 2003.
Peck, I. Heyward. "The Rev. Johannes Theodorus Polhemius and Some of His Descendants." Genealogies of Long Island Families, Volume I. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, Maryland, 1987.
Sisser, Fred III. "The Identity of Neeltje Claesen, Wife of John Lake." The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Volume 122, Number 1, January 1991.
Stokes, Albert L. "The DeHart Family." The Genealogical Magazine of New Jersey, Volume 40, Number 1, January 1965.
Stokes, Albert L. The VanVoorhees Family. VanVoorhees Family Association, 1984.
Streeter, Perry. "The European Origins of Bourgon Broucard and Catherine LeFevre" New Netherland Connections, Volume 15/4, Oct. - Dec. 2010.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Dutch Reformed Church, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil (1633-1654) Births or Christenings.
Van Ness, Esther Oppie. William Oppie of Somerset County, New Jersey. Edwards Brothers, Ann Arbor, 1958.
Van Voorhis, Elias William. A Genealogy of the Van Voorhees Family in America. G. P. Putnam & Sons, 1888.
Voorhees, Ralph. "Franklin Township Historical Notes." Somerset County Historical Quarterly, Volumes 4-6, 1915-1917 (written in 1874-6).
Zabriskie, George Olin. "The Wiltsie Family of Early New York." The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Volume 106-7, 1975-6.
Jordan, David Starr and Kimball, Sarah Louise. Your Family Tree. Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, Maryland, 1929 & 1979.
Pine, L.G. American Origins. Doubleday & Co., Garden City, New Jersey, 1960.
Richardson, Douglas. Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, Maryland, 2005.
Williamson, David. The Kings and Queens of England. Konecky & Konecky, NYC, New York, 1998.
Garmonsway, G.N., translator. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (written c891 AD). Everyman's Library, London, 1953 & 1965.
Collins, Francis S. The Language of Life: DNA and the Revolution in Personalized Medicine. HarperCollins, New York, NY, 2010.
Fischer, David Hackett. Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America. Oxford University Press, Inc., New York, New York, 1989.
Olson, Steve. Mapping Human History: Discovering the Past Through Our Genes. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston-New York, 2002.
Oppenheimer, Stephen. The Origins of the British - A Genetic Detective Story: The Surprising Roots of the English, Irish, Scottish, and Welsh. Constable & Robinson, Ltd., UK, 2006.
Smolenyak, Megan Smolenyak and Turner, Ann. Trace Your Roots with DNA: Using Genetic Tests to Explore Your Family Tree Rodale, Inc., USA, 2004.
Stretton, Eric H. A. Dacre Castle. Dalemain Estates, Penrith, Cumbria, England, 1994.
Sykes, Bryan. Blood of the Isles: Exploring the Genetic Roots of Our Tribal History. W. W. Norton & Co. Ltd., London, England, 2006.
Wells, Spencer. Deep Ancestry: Inside the Genographic Project. National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C., 2006.
During the past three decades of genealogical research, we have been fortunate to receive considerable assistance from scores of correspondents, many of them distant cousins, who have generously shared their knowledge and findings. They have provided much-appreciated family charts, documents, photographs and other copied materials, as well as useful details, family lore, leads and suggestions. In return, we have attempted to be helpful to them and to others seeking our assistance. Aside from the invaluable contributions of our parents, uncles, aunts and first cousins, those to whom we are particularly grateful have been:
Copyright © 2001- by Charles Acree. All rights reserved.